In WGM, the very first button takes you to Server Admin. What are the next three buttons, their functions, and what do they let you configure? Which two show let you work on different aspects of the same records?

Street sign Cation button – lets you configure share points and the file/folder permissions & file/folder ACLs

A silhouette of a humans head – lets you configure users, groups, or computers. The tabs under Users arew: Basic, Advanced, Groups, Home, Mail, Print Quota, Info, and Windows. The tabs under Groups are: Members, Group Folder. The tabs under Computer are: Lists, Access, Cache

A light-switch panel – allows you to configure user, group, and computer managed preferences (Overview tab) and preference manifests (Details Tab)

How is the startup sequence different Tiger (client & server) from pre-Tiger Mac OS X systems?

launchd — unified framework for starting & stopping processes

this was an evolution in unix implementation

this launchd is the primary process to be executed immediately upon launch, it gets executed by the kernal, and this process is the parent to all other processes which in previous systems where called sequentially by the startup sequence

launchd is known as process ID 1. Previously, process ID 1 was the init process.

Whats new in the Printer dialog box under Tiger? What is PDF-X?

under the Printer drop down, you can now Add printer… and also Print & Fax preferences…

There is PDF button (which is actually a drop-down menu) to allow you to Save PDF, Save PDF as Postscript, Fax PDF, Compress PDF, Encrypt PDF, Mail PDF, Save as PDF-X, Save PDF To iphoto, Save PDF to Web Receipts Folder, Edit Menu…

Finally, there is a Supplies… button which takes you to Apples store on the web and searches for

PDF-X is a industry-standard for a kind of PDF file that has the minimum amount of information need to print.

What changes to service discovery are in Tiger and how this affect AFP connections?

Tiger no longer supports AFP over AppleTalk. (Although AppleTalk printing is still supported.)

This means Tiger is incompatible with share points shared by file servers pre-Mac OS 8.6.

See Apple KB article 301183

Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) service is known by several names, including File Sharing, Personal File Sharing, AppleShare, and Apple File Service. Some AFP servers can only share over the AppleTalk protocol; they don’t offer sharing over TCP/IP, which is now the preferred protocol. If you try to connect to an AppleTalk-only AFP server from a Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger computer, this message will appear:

“Connection failed. This file server uses an incompatible version of the AFP protocol. You cannot connect to it.”
This happens because Tiger no longer supports connecting to AFP over the AppleTalk protocol.

As a solution, enable the TCP/IP protocol on the AFP server if it offers this option. If no TCP/IP option is available, connect to the Tiger computer from the computer that is the AppleTalk-only AFP server (instead of trying to connect from the Tiger computer to connect to the older computer). This method works because AppleShare client software on the older computer can connect to a Tiger computer over TCP/IP, even if it can’t offer service over TCP/IP.

This may also affect third-party AFP server products. Be aware that some affected AFP servers have a TCP/IP option, but others don’t.

Some AFP services that do not have a TCP/IP option include Personal File Sharing in Mac OS 8.6 and earlier, and the AppleShare server suite. Some AFP services that do have a TCP/IP option include Mac OS 9 File Sharing, and the AppleShare IP server suite.

What information is new in System profile under Applications?

The Kind field is new, and it tells you if this is Native (which means a native OS X Application) or Classic (a Classic application).

Presumably this in the future will indicate the processor compile of the application– Intel or Motorola– and could indicate if the app would run in a virtual environment.

(1) To connect using AFP over SSH, what must you do on the Server and what must you do on the client machine during connection? (2) Why does this often fail when connecting between machines with different OSes and (3) what happens when the SSH attempt fails? (4) By the way, what port does SSH operate on?

In Server Admin: in Server Admin, under AFP, go to Settings tab, then Enable secure connections

on the the client machine: the way to configure it is during connection itself; click Options (on 10.3) or use the utility drop-down menu on the dialog box to select Options (on 10.4); then enable Allow secure connections with SSH and Warn when not secure

(This does not take in account firewall issues between the client and server)

(2) For the SSH connection to be successful, typically the two machines trying to connect must have the same version of SSH. Because the unix community patches SSH regularly, Apple incorporates the patch into the OS and thus machines which non-compatible versions of SSH have trouble connecting. Also, the incoming machine must have port 22 unblocked by the firewall or router.

(3) the AFP connection warns the client with a Cancel or Continue option, if the user clicks Continue the AFP connects by using the standard encryption built info AFP.

(4) Port 22