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Programming

Boolean OR operators evaluate left to right, and stops evaluating once it finds something that is true.

All programming languages work this way, but still it is nice to remember that Ruby does this.

>> n = nil
=> nil
>> x # x is undefined, just showing you that
NameError: undefined local variable or method `x’ for #
from (irb):6
>> (x || n.nil?) # x evaluates first, but since it’s undefined raises error
NameError: undefined local variable or method `x’ for #
from (irb):7
>> n.nil? || x # n.nil? is true, and so x never gets evaluated, thus not raising the error
=> true

The same behavior works for the && (and) operator, of course it stops if it finds a false where as the || (or) operator stops when it finds a true (as you would expect).

>> ! @var.nil? && @var.a == “xyz”
=> false
>> @var.a == “xyz” && ! @var.nil?
NoMethodError: You have a nil object when you didn’t expect it!
The error occurred while evaluating nil.a
from (irb):13

So, this is most often useful for me when a variable that I need to check an attribute of might or might not be instantiated.

<% if ! @var.nil? && @var.a == "xyz" %>
The a attribute of your @var is xyz
<% end %>

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